Abul-Qasem Ferdowsi is a prominent Iranian poet. He is famous for his Shahnameh, which is the world’s longest epic poem collection. He was born into a family of Iranian landowners in 940 CE. Landowners, who survived the Arab conquests of the 7th century sought to keep alive the pre-Islamic literary heritage. Thus, Ferdowsi, saw it as his task to preserve the pre-Islamic cultural traditions, including tales of legendary kings and the country’s mythical and historical past.
Ferdowsi earned a unique place in Persian language history, because of the efforts he made in reviving the Persian language and cultural traditions.
He was laid to rest in his own garden in 1020. Some believe religious authorities did not allow the burial of Ferdowsi in the local Muslim cemetery due to his nationalistic views. Therefore, his tomb is now in a mausoleum in Tus, an ancient city near Mashhad.
Iranians recognized the cultural and literary value of Ferdowsi’s work much later in the Pahlavi period. Reza Shah ordered the construction of a permanent tomb in his honor in 1934. The site is now a popular destination for people.
Today, there is a stone cenotaph over the tomb of the prominent Persian poet. It features twelve columns, the Farvahar symbol and the inscription of some of his magnificent poems on the marble walls. The tomb of Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, a prominent contemporary poet, is in the same garden.