Getting to Iran

Airports, seaports, and land borders

Farzad Hosseinpour May 18, 2019 3 min read

Iran, formerly known as Persia, is a Middle Eastern country strategically located between the Caspian Sea to the north and the Persian Gulf to the south. The ancient land is also planked by Pakistan and Afghanistan to its east and borders Iraq and Turkey to the west.

You can get to Iran by air, land and sea.
You can get to Iran by air, land and sea.

The country has over 6000 kilometers of land border with its neighbors (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, and Iraq) and almost 5000 kilometers of maritime boundary. Therefore, you can get to Iran by air, land and sea.


There are over a dozen international airports in Iran including: Abadan International Airport, Ahvaz International Airport, Arak Airport, Bandar Abbas International Airport, Birjand International Airport, Isfahan International Airport, Kish International Airport, Larestan International Airport, Mashhad International Airport,  Shiraz International Airport, Tabriz International Airport, Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport, Mehrabad International Airport. Some of these airports serve only seasonal international flight routes (mainly during the annual Muslim pilgrimage Hajj).

The international airports in the capital Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz and Ahvaz are the country’s busiest airports, collectively handling some 50 million passengers each year. Tehran’s Imam Khomeini International Airport is the biggest international airport in Iran. It is the main gateway that connects Iran to the world and is responsible for over 60 percent of air passenger travel from and to Iran. The airport hosts airlines handling flights to dozens of destinations across the world, including (and not limited to) direct flights to and from Ankara, Baghdad, Baku, Bangkok, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kiev, Kuala Lumpur, London, Milan Moscow, Muscat, Najaf, New Delhi, Shanghai, Stockholm, Vienna, and Yerevan.

 Land borders

9 of Iran’s 31 provinces have land borders with neighboring countries including Azerbaijan, Armenia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, and Iraq.  There are a total of 27 border crossings with these countries. So one can arrive in Iran by land from these seven countries through the following border crossings:


  • Bazargan Border Crossing
  • Razi border Crossing
  • Serow Border Crossing


  • Khosravi Border Crossing
  • Chazzabe Border Crossing
  • Shalamcheh Border Crossing
  • Mehran Border Crossing
  • Sumar Border Crossing
  • Tamarchin Border Crossing
  • Parviz Khan Border Crossing
  • Bashmakh Border Crossing
  • Sheikh Saleh Border Crossing
  • Sardasht Broder Crossing


  • Norduz Border Crossing


  • Astara Border Crossing
  • Jolfa Border Crossing
  • Bilehsavar Border Crossing
  • Poldasht Border Crossing


  • Dogharoun Border Crossing
  • Milak Border Crossing
  • Yazdan Border Crossing


  • Mirjaveh Border Crossing
  • Kuhak Border Crossing


  • Bajgiran Border Crossing
  • Lotfabad Border Crossing
  • Sarakhs Border Crossing
  • Incheh Borun Border Crossing


Iran borders the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south. The country has maritime boundary with 12 neighboring countries. It is possible to enter Iran by sea from some of these countries. No company offers ferry services in the Caspian Sea to and from Iran but there are a few companies operating ships between Iran and its southern neighbors in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Getting to Iran by sea
Getting to Iran by sea

Valfajr-8 is the main shipping company carrying passengers across the Persian Gulf. The agency operates car ferries and catamarans on several routes including Dubai-Bandar Lengeh, Sharjah-Bandar Abbas, and Kuwait- Khorramshahr.

Valfajr-8 is the main shipping company carrying passengers across the Persian Gulf.
Valfajr-8 is the main shipping company carrying passengers across the Persian Gulf.

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