The history of Persia is connected with nomads and nomadic lifestyle. The Aryan nomads were among the most important ones. In fact, the word Iran comes from Aryan and the original meaning of Iran was “the land of the Aryans”. The Aryan nomads gradually settled down and mixed with other inhabitants. They built civilizations and established dynasties which saw the Persian Empire rise to power. But all through the millennia, nomadic tribes in Iran have been roaming the land.
Nomads around Shiraz
The Qashqai tribes are among Iranian nomads. They are well-known for having lived and migrated in Iran since the 11th or 12th century. They came from Central Asia and still speak in Turkish, as well as Persian (Farsi). Today, they live in the southwestern part of Fars Province with their large herds of goats and sheep. Over the decades, they have created migratory routes from the grassy plains around Shiraz to the southern and central mountain slopes of the Zagros Mountains.
You can join the hospitable Qashqai nomads when they settle in the highland pastures of Sepidan and Firouzabad in summer. In the company of these generous nomads, you can participate in their daily routines: prepare their local foods, milk goats, bake bread on a fire, take the sheep out to graze, etc.
But are you looking for some adventure? If so, then perhaps you can accompany them during their migration from their summer quarters (Yailaq) to their winter quarters (Qeshlaq) or vice versa.
Nomads live in tents called Siah-chador which they create using goat hair. They decorate their tents with their own handicrafts which are popular among Iranians including Jajim, Kilim, Gabbeh. Carpets woven by the nomads are of the highest quality and have their own unique design patterns. Also, horses are an essential part of nomadic life and you can go for a horse ride with the men and maybe even see them hunt.